|young girls dancing during a jukun festival/woman making fabric
(tie&dye)/ newly wed jukun couple
Like every other Nigerian marriages; the Jukun traditional marriage is meant to promote African culture and its beauty. Traditional marriage requirements and bride price list of the jukun people is fill with glamour and richly embedded in our culture. Jukun are the direct descendant of the people of ancient Kwararafa Kingdom. Before the coming of Christianity and Islam, the Jukun’s are predominantly traditional worshipers.
The present day Jukun people are found at the bank of River Benue and Niger, which runs through Taraba, Benue and Nasarawa state; who are fishermen while those in the hinter land in Plateau, Adamawa, Gombe and Northwestern part of Cameroon are fabric makers (tie and dye clothing)
When Marring a Jukun Lady
Marring a Jukun lady or girl is presume/perceived to be the cheapest in Taraba state and northwestern Cameroon. This has made many Jukun men come back home to pick a wife in order to retain the rich cultural heritage of the Jukun people. However, that does not mean an inter-religious or cross-cultural marriage is not encouraged.
The Jukun are polygamous, aside those who practice Christianity. The Jukun detest divorce and goes out of their way to see that their marriages work. When all efforts and negotiation fails divorce may take place, and if the following happens – impotence/bareness, insanity of spouse, adultery/leaving spouse for 12 months for no genuine reasons.
Bride price and Marriage Requirement in Jukun Tradition
The minimum age of marriage for a jukun girl is 18 years. The Jukun traditional marriage is only biding when the father or guardian of the girl gave their consent. The marriage contract can only take place when bride price is presented and payment of customary gift to father or guardian of the bride. Therefore, marriage is only recognized in Jukun tradition when the intending husband fulfils all necessary marriage rites and requirement.
During courtship the man is expected to give the woman certain amount of money as her entitlement or as betrothed money called Abegya – N 200.
Bride price in Jukun traditional marriages is relatively small. They are as follows;
1. Abeben (Brideprice) N600
2. Andu (handbag & handkerchief) for the woman
3. Ane-Vyo (going to farm) – for father-in law (N600) & Mother-in law (N500)
4. Greeting of in-laws – any amount
5. Abewagaben (Solemnization money) – N100 , this can only take place when requirement (i – iv) has been meet.
6. Upyotvyo (money for roofing father in-law’s house) – N3 00
7. Sitting on in law’s mat – N500
8. Bride’s Paternal grandmother – N100
9. Bag of maize
10. Bag of guinea corn
11. 30ft of Zana (Woven grass) for fence father in-law compound
12. 18 sticks for the fencing of father in-law’s compound.
Before wedding day
14. Groom pays N100,
15. 12 calabashes of Kola nuts,
16. Gallon of Kerosene
17. The groom pays N50,
18. bride cousins –N50,
19. N50 to groom’s younger relations(Mouth opening)
20. 4 basins of Burukutu (local liquor),
21. 3 basins of Kununzaki (Local guinea corn juice).
The Groom will present the bride’s family with
22. 2 basins of the local liquor
23. 1 basin of Kunu